Insilico Proteome Screening to Identify Prospective Drug Targets in Bacillus anthracis
Various Insilico based genome screening methods helped us in identifying the key drug targets for a pathogen. The accuracy of the predictions are systematically based on the benchmarks at different stages of methodology and the kind of dataset which is considered for the study. In the current study, we made an effort to screen the entire proteome of Bacillus anthracis for identification of putative drug targets. B. anthracis is the causautive agent for anthrax disease. Instead of genome sequence, the metabolically classified proteome of B. anthracis from JCVI-CMR database was considered for the present study. The entire proteome is been categorized into 25 different metabolisms and in each sub-categorised metabolisms respective protein sequences were retrieved and subjected to screening against Database of Essential Genes (DEG) and Human-Basic Local Alignment Search Tool (H-BLAST) databases. In total 136 essential genes/proteins were obtained from the DEGp (protein) screening whereas 145 Non-Human Homologs (NHHs) were predicted. The identified 145 NHHs are further subjected to criteria based selection to identify the most suitable, functional, putative drug targets. The 8 common hits of both DEG and H-BLAST were considered to be better potential targets as they justify the criteria of being an essential gene/protein, non-human homolog, availability of the 3D structure in PDB and having a significant functional role in the cellular biochemical processes.
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